Iran, located in the southwest of Asia and in the Middle East, with an area of about 1.6 million square kilometers and population of about 79 million, is one of the largest countries in the region. Tehran is the largest and most densely populated city as the political center and capital of Iran.
Iran is considered as one of the oldest countries and one of the first founders of human civilizations in the world. Iran plays an important strategic role through the Middle East region. Iran is a member of the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Organization of the Islamic Conference, the countries that produce and sell oil: OPEC, ECO, and many other international organizations.
Iran is the second largest economy in the Middle East and North Africa, also known as MENA region, and also the second largest population of this region.
Iran's economy is formed by Energy sector including Oil and Gas resources, Petrochemical and Polymers and Oil Products, Agricultural industries and products, Steel Industries and Mineral industry.
Main Exports: Petroleum, handicrafts, carpet, fruits, dried fruits (pistachio, raisin, date etc.), caviar, petrochemical productions, textiles, garment, food industry productions.
Main Imports: Machinery, metal works foodstuffs, pharmaceutical, technical services, chemical products.
Industries: petroleum, petrochemicals, fertilizers, caustic soda, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food processing (particularly sugar refining and vegetable oil production), ferrous and non-ferrous metal fabrication, armaments
Agriculture: Wheat, Rice, Grains, Sugar, Beets, Fruits, Nuts, Cotton, Dairy products, Wool, Caviar
Currency: Iranian Rial - Each 10 Rial is known as 1 Toman
Currency Code: IRR
Railways: over 8,500 km
Highways: over 180,000 km
Pipelines: Crude oil 5,900 km, petroleum products 3900 km, natural Gas 4,550 km
Ports: Abadan, Ahwaz, Bandar shahid Beheshti, Bandar Abbas, Bandar Anzali, Bandar Mahshahr, Bandar Bushehr, Bandar Khomeini, Bandar Turkmen, Khorramshahr, Nowshahr, Assalouyeh
Airports: 331 (International and Domestic)
Operators: MCI, MTN - Irancell, Taliya